Math Craft Monday: Community Submissions (Plus How to Make a Modular Origami Intersecting Triangles Sculpture)
It's once again Monday, which means it's time to highlight some of the most recent community submissions posted to the Math Craft corkboard. I also thought we'd take a look at building a model that has appeared in numerous posts. It's the simplest of the intersecting plane modular origami sculptures: The WXYZ Intersecting Planes model.
I made a few more, as well. You can see more examples here. So far, this is my favorite:
My wife also gave me an idea—making snowflakes based off of tessellations. I used some of M.C. Escher's drawings to make some Escher "Snowflakes". Here's a picture of a few of them:
Here's a "quick" version I made. It does take a couple of hours to make, but it is pretty fantastic.
Or maybe it was this picture of a giant Sonobe icosahedron:
Or this picture of the Linux Penguin from Sonobe units:
Or this post on models folded and photographed by Michal Kosmulski. I really like the Menger Sponge:
And the STUVWXYZ (8 planes) intersecting stars:
In fact, since these intersecting stars keep coming up, I think we should learn how to build the simplest version of them—the WXYZ Intersecting Triangles. This really is the same object as the orderly tangle of 4 triangles, but a very different construction.
Here's what the finished model should look like:
- Square paper (12 sheets)
- Folding diagram
150-cm (6-inch) origami paper works great, but if you need to make your own square paper, you can find that in this post.
Read the folding diagram. Take a square piece of paper.
Flip it over to the uncolored side.
Fold the top over the bottom at the middle.
Fold the left side over to the right side at the middle.
Unfold the last step leaving a crease.
Fold the right side over to the middle crease.
Unfold the last step leaving a crease.
Take the top left corner and fold it over so that the top goes from the top center line to where the corner touches the last crease you made. This forms a 60-degree angle, since it is a right triangle where the longest side is twice as long as the shortest side.
Fold across by bisecting that last 60-degree angle.
Fold the top right corner across so it lays right on the top left corner forming another 60-degree angle on the other side.
I skipped a step. Fold the top right corner back over to the right bisecting the 60-degree angle as you did for the left side. Now unfold both of the angles leaving just the creases that you made.
The next step is to squash fold both of corners back in to make a 60-degree angle. You are just reversing the top creases. Here's a picture showing the top right edge of the paper. We are going to push this edge down into the paper.
Push the edge down using the creases as your fold lines. You will have to make the creases fold the other way.
Here's what it should look like when you've made the squash fold.
Squash fold in the other side.
Fold the top flaps over to the middle.
Fold the other flaps around to the other side. You will end up with an object that looks the same on both sides.
Fold the white parts up along the colored edges.
Repeat with the back flaps. Here's what the completed unit should look like.
First you need to have 12 Units. The completed model will look much better if you use 3 units of 4 different colors.
Read the folding diagram. Take one of these units and put the flaps into the slots. The flaps should go both directions so that the slots hold it from 2 sides.
Now take another unit and insert the flaps into one of the other units and use the slots to hold the flaps of the other.
Now you can keep adding units, and as long as you follow these rules, you should be successful:
1. If a unit's flaps are inserted into the slots of another unit, then there should be a unit of the same color on the other side doing exactly the same. This can be seen in the first picture below these rules.
2. If a unit's flaps are inserted into the slots of another unit, at a spot exactly on the other side of the model the reverse situation should be happening with units of the same color.
Here's a picture of the completed model. It can be a little tricky to build, but it looks amazing.
If you make the intersecting planes or any of the other previous Math Craft projects, please share with us by posting to the corkboard. Perhaps you have some original project or something you've seen on the web that you'd like to share.
If you like these types of projects, let me know in the comments. If you have any other ideas you would like to pursue, let me know in the forum.